“Education is the most powerful weapon which you can use to change the world.”

Basic Introduction

Education is the doorway to the wider world and an exposition on rural infrastructure is incomplete without an assessment of the extent to which we have been able to open this door for the children of rural India. India has the largest education system in the world after China. However, issues of Quality education and access remain challenges in some parts of the Country. The role of education in facilitating social and economic progress is well accepted. Access to education is critical to access emerging opportunities that accompany economic growth. Keeping in view of this accepted fact there has been a major thrust on education since independence, but as far as ensuring quality education in rural India is concerned it has always been one of the biggest challenges for the governments.

 Within this structure there are four basic types of school:

  1. Government schools, including those run by local bodies; 
  2. Private schools, aided by the government; 
  3. Private unaided schools; and 
  4. Unrecognized private schools (the first three being recognized by the government)

Note: Figure below illustrates the structure of education in India from pre-school to higher education.

Eighty-seven per cent of the schools in India are in the country’s villages. Government statistics and independent surveys have revealed that over 90 per cent of the rural schools at elementary level are run by the government.

Objectives of Rural Education

  • To provide Coordination, at the national level, for rural education programs and activities. 
  •  To provide leadership for rural education – related conferences and workshops.  
  • To provide a forum for all those involved in public education in rural areas – including teachers, administrators, board members, and members of the rural community at large whereby they may come together professionally and exchange ideas.  
  • To promote state, regional and local delivery systems which bring about efficient and effective education for children in rural areas. 
  • To stimulate discussion, research, and policy development regarding equal educational opportunities for all students.

Present scenario of rural education in India: 

  • Right to Education is the primary right of every citizen of India, whether a child resides in a high profile society or in a far away not so developed secluded village. In India, the condition of rural education is still improving, the conditions of these rural schools are still very poor.
  • There are very few schools in the rural areas and children have to travel far away distances to avail these facilities and most schools in these locations do not provide drinking water. 
  • The quality of education is also very poor. The teachers get very less income, so most of the time the teachers are either absent or they do not teach properly.

 Here are ways to upgrade the rural education system:

1. Boost free education

Poverty is one of the most critical and common problems in rural India. This is also one of the major obstructions in propelling the education in rural India.This problem can be solved only if free education or education at a very minimal fee is being offered.

This is certainly going to bring up the literacy rate as more and more parents will be eager to send their kids to schools if they are not required to bear the expenses of their education.

2. Establish more schools

Fortunately, with the changing times, the changes are being witnessed in the rural society as well. There is an increase in the number of parents in rural India who understand the importance of education in their children’s lives.However, there exists a problem of lack of ample number of schools in India.

The solution can be found only if the government takes an initiative to establish affordable schools which are pocket-friendly to the middle as well as lower economic groups of the society.

3. Bring innovative teaching methods

The level of education has gone a notch up in urban areas with newer teaching techniques being introduced; the state of teaching techniques is still primitive and traditional in rural India.The rural schools are still stuck on inculcating rote learning in its students. This has to change.

These schools must start adopting concept learning to develop their students holistically.

 4. Promote computer literacy

Our country is progressing technologically; however, sadly, the imprint of this advancement has yet not reached the rural areas. This has led to a digital gap in urban-rural India.The schools in rural India are required to get equipped with computer education and need to be imparted with technological education as well.

This will help them be at par with the level of urban education and develop themselves better.


In India, education in the rural segments is not only important to eradicate poverty and illiteracy, but also for a variety of other social, economic as well as cultural and political reasons.The role of education, both urban and rural, is huge in growth of the country’s economy. Although education in the urban areas have progressed rapidly during the last few decades, there are still some villages where education is not given sufficient priority. 

Even though the government is working to improve the state of education in the country, there is still a lot to be improved. 

There is a growing awareness among people about education; however the lack of infrastructure is being a major obstacle which needs an active intervention of the government.


  1.  India Today

Article by – Avantika Pandey, She is a BBA Student from Indira Gandhi Delhi Technical University for Women. She is a young and energetic girl who is always ready to learn new skills and enjoys writing a lot. Being a passionate writer, she not only writes but also encourages others to write.

Edited by- Shweta Mittal,, LL.b.,MSW (Gold Medalist)