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ICT AND CHILDREN’S EDUCATION

The ed-tech industry is booming, Smart technology has not only enhanced the way of living but also became an integrated part of everyone’s life. Educationists are putting thrust upon involving ICT in education. Teachers and school leaders are keen to get the best possible benefits from ICT and wonder how better they should be using it as ICT (information and communication technology) in early childhood education so that it provides multiple possibilities for young children in developing levels of competency.

What is  ICT?

Information and Communication Technology (ICT) in education is the mode of education that uses information and communications technology to support, enhance, and optimize the delivery of information. Worldwide research has shown that ICT can lead to improved student learning and better teaching methods. 

A report made by the National Institute of Multimedia Education in Japan proved that an increase in the use of ICT in education with integrating technology to the curriculum has a significant and positive impact on students’ achievements. The results specifically showed that the students who are continuously exposed to technology through education have better ‘knowledge’, presentation skills, innovative capabilities, and are ready to take more effort in learning as compared to their counterparts.

Now the has changed, technology is getting advanced each passing day in such a scenario there is a high need to cope with it from the beginning itself. Young children need to learn how to approach these powerful forms of technology. 

 Skills that children develop as a result of using ICT. 

  1. Creative development- It helps children to employ imaginative thinking thereby developing their creativity. 
  2. Mathematical development-The use of ICT has a great impact on how mathematics can be taught to children. The use of easy mathematical teaching software encourages children. The programs aid children and offer them opportunities to match shapes and carry out simple mathematical bonds as they play and learn at the same time.
  3. Language development- When skills such as listening, memory, thoughts, ideas, and feelings are gained. Children develop an awareness that printed words have meaning. Children are able to use the keyboard to write simple words and their names
  4. Fine motor skills are the small movements that occur in the hands, wrists, fingers, toes, lips, and the tongue.  Children develop fine motor skills to accurately control the mouse, clicking and dragging a cursor to select or highlight items of text. 
  5. Gross motor skills involve the movement of the arms, legs, feet, or the entire body. According to the study materials, Gross motor skills can be enhanced when children use the whiteboard to record things, as they stretch and touch various parts of the whiteboard and also using larger pens to write on the screen
  6. Creative development Employing elements of play, exploring alternative approaches will help children to employ imaginative thinking thereby developing their creativity. Children will play around with colors and graphics, dragging and dropping items onto the screen.
  7. Increase in confidence Children under five has an uncanny knack to master new technology. Children prefer to be left alone with things like smartphones, tablet computers, game consoles, and use their intuition to confidently swipe screens and press buttons. Screens can be beneficial to learning and the more children are left to interact independently the more they develop in confidence
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With the help of ICT, educators have the opportunity to reconstruct the conventional learning modus operandi and enable student development. ICT presents a range of tools that teachers or lecturers use to present and display as part of their teaching and help educators interact with students as well as engage them in a more meaningful way. In today’s scenario teachers are expecting more of the students to engage in ICT for all growth of a child.

Article by- Ishita patwal

She’s a young fervid writer, pursuing BBA from IGDTUW. Her leisure pursuits include dancing, traveling, and gardening.

Edited by- Shweta Mittal, Team SciComm